Cystic disease of the kidney is very common.
There are two common varieties of cystic disease seen in the practice.
The first are sporadic cysts, not genetically determined and generally require no specific treatment.
The second is adult polycystic kidney disease.
This is a genetic disease, and develops at varying rates of deterioration throughout a patients life.
Treatment is directed towards kidney complications of kidney cystic disease, high blood pressure and chronic renal impairment, as well as haemorrhage and infection of cysts.
Tight control of blood pressure will retard chronic renal failure.
Management of dyslipidaemia and hyperglycaemia will reduce cardiovascular risk of death (the usual consequences of chronic renal failure).